Would you like email updates of new search results? The western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a cosmopolitan, polyphagous insect pest that causes bronzing to fruit of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa). 0000059882 00000 n Greater thrip densities induced stronger plant defenses and, in turn, detoxifying enzyme levels in thrips increased over thrip numbers. 0000069865 00000 n 0000070159 00000 n Introduction 0000027532 00000 n 0000079822 00000 n 0000003640 00000 n Frankliniella occidentalis. 0000014784 00000 n 0000033297 00000 n Economic Importance:A key pest of tomato, pepper and other crops in northern Florida and is less important in central and southern Florida. 0000020002 00000 n  |  0000067615 00000 n 0000004886 00000 n First approved in 2001‐09. Seasonal occurrence and damage of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom) on field garden pea in central Hokkaido. Thrips damage on cucumber leaves: Frankliniella occidentalis with coarser pattern (left); Thrips tabaci on right, for comparison. Elevated CO2 increased the soluble sugar, soluble protein and free amino acid content in non thrip-infested plants, and decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) activity in these plants. No need to register, buy now! 0000029841 00000 n Background: Elevated CO 2 can alter the leaf damage caused by insect herbivores. 0000072406 00000 n 31660546/National Nature Science Foundations of China (NSFC), 31260450/National Nature Science Foundations of China (NSFC), 31272051/National Nature Science Foundations of China (NSFC), 2016YFC1202100/National Key Research and Development Program of China, 2017YFD0200400/National Key Research and Development Program of China, 2013HB072/Yunnan Provincial Science and Technology Personnel Training Program. Host plants. The present study was conducted to … The life history of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) was studied at six different temperatures on English cucumbers, cv. The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) is currently the most damaging thrips species in many greenhouse crops. 0000015211 00000 n For Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) in strawberry, counts of thrips in flowers are commonly used as there is a strong correlation between thrips number per flower and fruit damage. 0000079845 00000 n This species of thrips is native to the Southwestern United Statesbut has spread to other continents, including Europe, Australia (where it was identified in May 1993 ), and South America via transport of infested plant material. In contrast, pathogen populations among plants exposed to Frankliniella occidentalis or Myzus persicae were similar to those without insects. 0000072383 00000 n Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis P. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a major agricultural and horticulture pest worldwide (Kirk, 2002; Kirk and Terry, 2003).It causes damage and spoilage to a vast number of economically important plant species through feeding, oviposition and spread of several plant diseases, most notably tospoviruses (Morse and Hoddle, 2006). 0000045609 00000 n This is a highly polyphagous pest, that is also an important vector of tospoviruses on many crops. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. In addition to causing extensive crop damage, the species is notorious for vectoring destructive plant viruses, mainly belonging to the genera Orthotospovirus, Ilarvirus, Alphacarmovirus and Machlomovirus. Image 5427225 is of western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis ) damage. Frankliniella occidentalis feed by rasping open plant cells and sucking up the cell contents. Top middle: Feeding damage on cabbage Top right: Irregular ripening due to TSWV Bottom right: Strawberry bronzing Bottom middle: Feeding damage on pepper . Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, first arose as an important invasive pest of many crops during the 1970s–1980s. It is by P.M.J. The adult and larval stages feed by piercing the plant surface with their mouthparts and sucking the contents of plant cells. Some flower thrips feed on twospotted spider mite eggs so low levels of flower thrips can be beneficial. 0000019772 00000 n The symptoms, cause and extent of damage by Frankliniella occidentalis to grapes in Sicily are described and the symptoms of damage compared with those caused in California. 0000084121 00000 n The most severe damage(*)is caused by the laying of eggs. The damage induced by thrips, in relation to the different parts of the plant attacked, is discussed. Silvering was the most common type of thrips damage, primarily associated with F. occidentalis, though adult tomato thrips (Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom)), T. imaginis, T. … 0000069176 00000 n 0000049856 00000 n Keywords Senecio.Thrips(Frankliniella occidentalis). Frankliniella occidentalis, the western flower thrips, is a key pest of glasshouses, greenhouses and polytunnels. Worldwide. Epub 2015 Sep 23. 0000075478 00000 n These include adventive species like Frankliniella occidentalis, Frankliniella schultzei, Thrips palmi, andScirtothrips dorsalis. Their feeding causes damage not so much by direct piercing but because the injected saliva causes reactions in the plant. 0000045282 00000 n 0000153636 00000 n eCollection 2020. 0000044687 00000 n NIH 0000085534 00000 n Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 47:107-110 Karny H, … 0000041621 00000 n Thrips feeding on mature leaves causes silvery damage due to the production of empty, air-filled clusters of plant cells. 2020 Oct 17;49(5):1191-1197. doi: 10.1093/ee/nvaa090. We, therefore, investigated the behaviour-modifying effects on second instar larvae of two jasmonic acid derivatives. This standard describes a diagnostic protocol for Frankliniella occidentalis. 0000036404 00000 n Frankliniella occidentalis Recognition data Distinguishing features. 27 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 30 /H [ 2889 539 ] /L 247317 /E 194146 /N 2 /T 246659 >> endobj xref 27 114 0000000016 00000 n Western flower thrips are barely visible in … The western flower thrips [Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande)] is an invasive pest insect in agriculture. 0000065397 00000 n 0000054528 00000 n Asia, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. NMRmetabolomics.Pyrrolizidinealkaloids.Flavanoids. 0000042303 00000 n Biology and damage: Both nymphs and adult thrips can injure the plant by rasping the plant bud, flower, leaf tissues and then sucking the exuding sap. 0000068952 00000 n Champ d’application spécifique. The western flower thrips [Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande)] is an invasive pest insect in agriculture. 0000042157 00000 n on lettuce trailer << /Size 141 /Info 26 0 R /Encrypt 29 0 R /Root 28 0 R /Prev 246649 /ID[<3c11282ce8868597f0f0560c29c253a0>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 28 0 obj << /Metadata 25 0 R /Pages 24 0 R /Type /Catalog /PageLabels 22 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /R 2 /O ( U�V�.�`�����Dz�-���#_m�_�}�g) /U (���l��n�&�,?�#�D-�iw�4;w�+�ua) /P -4 /V 1 /Length 40 >> endobj 139 0 obj << /S 261 /L 549 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 140 0 R >> stream 0000002646 00000 n (a) Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (b) Common blossom thrips, Frankliniella schultzei (c) Chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis. 0000053616 00000 n Both sexes fully winged. The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) is currently the most damaging thrips species in many greenhouse crops. 0000068929 00000 n It is by Mohammad Mirnezhad at Leiden University. Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) is highly destructive invasive pest of crop production worldwide. western flower thrips; Other Scientific Names. The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) can be found on a wide variety of plants, including many vegetable and ornamental crops in greenhouses, and on various weeds. The indirect damage as well as transmission of viruses, bacteria and fungi is described. Liu L, Hou XL, Yue WB, Xie W, Zhang T, Zhi JR. Environ Entomol. Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) is highly destructive invasive pest of crop production worldwide. Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) Western flower thrips Distribution. However, on plants infested with F. occidentalis, areas of the infested leaf with feeding damage sustained higher S. enterica populations than areas without damage. The plant is also injured by feeding, which leaves holes and areas of silvery discoloration when the plant reacts to the insect's saliva. 2020 Aug;27(4):626-645. doi: 10.1111/1744-7917.12721. Jacaranone Introduction Overthelastfewdecades,westernflowerthrips(Frankliniella occidentalis) has spread worldwide to become a key insect pest of agricultural and horticultural crops (Kirk and Terry 2003). The damage of eggfruits was evaluated by the four independent evaluators using a damage scale from 0 (least damaged) to 5 (most damaged). Western flower thrips (WFT), Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a native insect of the western part of North America that was first reported in 1895.In the 1970s and early 1980s, this species spread throughout North America (Beshear 1983). 0000028119 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) can be found on a wide variety of plants, including many vegetable and ornamental crops in greenhouses, and on various weeds. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. It has been documented to feed on over 500 different species of host plants, including a large number of fruit, vegetable, and ornamental crops. Population Numbers and Physiological Response of an Invasive and Native Thrip Species Following Repeated Exposure to Imidacloprid. 0000002889 00000 n 0000069611 00000 n 0000054297 00000 n Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! 0000053279 00000 n 0000004127 00000 n Elevated CO2 can alter the leaf damage caused by insect herbivores. 0000055140 00000 n Biotic resistance limits the invasiveness of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), in Florida. 0000044323 00000 n Thrips feeding on strawberry blossoms cause the stigmas and anthers to turn brown and wither prematurely, but not before fertilization has occurred. Approbation et amendement spécifiques. DAMAGE. 2020 Mar 27;11:216. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.00216. Asia, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. 0000067332 00000 n Damage on lettuce Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (BASF) Detailed picture of damage on lettuce Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) Adult (Pinot Y. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 1). 0000029301 00000 n 0000033682 00000 n quadrilineatus. Nymphs feed heavily on new fruit just beginning to develop from the flower. It is a serious disease in Is an important pest insect in agriculture. Adults feed on the new terminal growth and underside of the leaves (Cotton Insect Management Guide 2017) causing silvering of the plant tissue and a reduction in photosynthesis (Kirk 2002). 0000192701 00000 n Flower thrips (Frankliniella spp.) The western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, is a major pest that damages a wide variety of crops and vegetables. 2. Toxins (Basel). Taxonomic data Current valid name. Frankliniella occidentalis which was recorded for the first time in Turkey in 1993 (Tunç & Göçmen, 1994). 0000061441 00000 n 0000044345 00000 n 0000016596 00000 n 0000019445 00000 n 0000017171 00000 n Courtesy: P.M.J Ramakers - PTG, Waaldwijk (NL). 0000005234 00000 n Tissue on which the thrips has fed becomes speckled and peppered with small holes; it is also severely discoloured, particularly in the case of petals. 0000165734 00000 n To investigate how elevated CO2 affects F. occidentalis fed with Phaseolus vulgaris and, in particular, the interaction between plant defense and thrips anti-defense, nutrient content and antioxidant enzyme activity of P. vulgaris were measured, as well as the detoxifying enzyme activity of adult thrips. 0000056662 00000 n 0000056640 00000 n 0000060693 00000 n NMRmetabolomics.Pyrrolizidinealkaloids.Flavanoids. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. The damage of eggfruits was evaluated by the four independent evaluators using a damage scale from 0 (least damaged) to 5 (most damaged). 0000015617 00000 n Thrips damage on cucumber leaves: F. occidentalis with coarser pattern (left); Thrips tabaci on right, for comparison. Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), the Western flower thrips, is one of the premier insect pest species.It occurs worldwide, and causes problems leading to crop losses in the field and in greenhouses. 0000016206 00000 n The main aim of this study was to test whether mass trapping could reduce damage and to predict whether this approach would be economically viable. 0000067828 00000 n COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. F. occidentalis … 0000004738 00000 n Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis P. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a major agricultural and horticulture pest worldwide (Kirk, 2002; Kirk and Terry, 2003).It causes damage and spoilage to a vast number of economically important plant species through feeding, oviposition and spread of several plant diseases, most notably tospoviruses (Morse and Hoddle, 2006). USA.gov. 0000014387 00000 n 0000069378 00000 n 0000019722 00000 n 0000078461 00000 n Direct damage results from feeding. Conclusion: In northern Florida, Frankliniella tritici is the most common species of thrips found in the flow… On roses or gerberas with red flowers, or on dark Saintpaulia flowers, feeding damage is readily visible as white streaking. 0000042634 00000 n In contrast, pathogen populations among plants exposed to Frankliniella occidentalis … 0000003428 00000 n Results: 0000193255 00000 n / INRA Montpellier) To read this page in French . Pepinex. Insect Sci. 2006). 0000084213 00000 n Funderburk J, Frantz G, Mellinger C, Tyler-Julian K, Srivastava M. Insect Sci. 0000036779 00000 n 0000016511 00000 n Background: Frankliniella occidentalis Actual Size: Damage: Adult females lay individual eggs on the small fruit inside of the flower resulting in halo spots. This causes white or brown spots on the leaves where the plant cells have been destroyed. 0000017426 00000 n Specific approval and amendment. 0000067309 00000 n Find Western Flower Thrips Frankliniella Occidentalis Damage stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The major damage is caused by the adult ovipositing in the plant tissue. 0000029522 00000 n The spatial 0000083453 00000 n National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Thrips - General Life Cycle . Following extensive use of insecticides, it has developed high levels of resistance to almost all groups of insecticides due to its high reproduction rate and short generation time. F. occidentalis are small (1-2 mm long), slender, soft-bodied insects that are yellow to light brown in color; adults have distinctive fringed wings. 0000065977 00000 n 0000064961 00000 n 0000060489 00000 n Approbation initiale en 2001‐09. De Californische trips (Frankliniella occidentalis) doorloopt 6 ontwikkelingsstadia: ei, 2 larvenstadia, voorpop, pop en ten slotte het volwassen insect.De Californische trips (Frankliniella occidentalis) legt eieren in bladeren, bloemblaadjes en zachte stengeldelen.Ze worden in het plantweefsel gelegd met een op een zaag gelijkende legboor. 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